Comparing Cultural Dances

Title:  Comparing Cultural Dances

Grade: 2

Art Discipline: Dance

Time Frame: 35 minutes

Lesson Overview: Students view two dances from different cultures on DVD or video.  They create a class-generated list of similarities and differences between two dances.


GLO(s): 3. Complex Thinker


Arts Benchmark: How the Arts Shape and Reflect Culture – FA.2.4.5: Compare dances from a variety of cultures.

Rubric based on Arts Benchmark:

Advanced

Proficient

Partially Proficient

Novice

Compare, in extensive detail, dances from a variety of cultures.

Compare, in detail, dances from a variety of cultures.

Compare, in some detail, dances from a variety of cultures.

Compare, in minimal detail, dances from a variety of cultures.

Key Arts Vocabulary: body, energy, space, time, mood


Content Area Benchmark: Cultural Systems & Practices –SS 2.6.1: Describe ways in which own and other cultures express their cultural beliefs and practices through art and music.

Content Area Rubric:

Advanced

Proficient

Partially Proficient

Novice

Compare, with elaborate and precise detail, ways in which own and other cultures express their cultural beliefs and practices through music and art.

Describe ways in which own and other cultures express their cultural beliefs and practices through music and art.

Recognize ways that own and other cultures express their cultural practices through music and art.

Recognize that different cultural practices are reflected through music and art.


Classroom Set Up: Seated so that everyone can see the TV screen.

Materials & Equipment needed:

  • DVD player, VCR/TV.
  • Kumu Hula, Keepers of a Culture.  DVD.  Dir.: Robert Mugge.  Mug-Shot Productions, 1989.
    check availability of Kumu Hula Keepers of a Culture DVD at Hawaii Public Libraries
  • JVC Video Anthology of World Music and Dance.  VHS.  Volume 8 (Southeast III), #8-16: Folkdance Medley (Filipino) and/or Volume 6 (Southeast Asia 1), #6-12: Apsara dance (Cambodian).  Rounder Records, 1990. check availability of JVC Video Anthology of World Music and Dance video at Hawaii Public Libraries

Both of these resources are available at the Hawai`i State Library. The library has 7 of the 30 videos in the JVC Anthology – a wonderful resource for dance and music of world cultures.  

Optional resource: Betty Dunford.The Hawaiians of Old.  Bess Press, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1980.

Teaching Tips:

  • Do not feel that you have to show these two particular dances. The students can view any two dances.  The process for comparing cultural dances is the same.
  • A wealth of information about hula can be found on the DVD Kumu Hula, Keepers of a Culture.  The hula recommended for viewing below is a tribute to the goddess Pele. 
  • Information on Cambodian dance can be found at http://www.asiasource.org/cambodia; the site is titled “Dance, the Spirit of Cambodia.”  There is some information on dance at “Tourism of Cambodia” at http://www.tourismcambodia.com.  In general, the dance, music and drama of Cambodia are done as an offering to gods and ancestors.  The dance motions seem to be taken from poses of the ancient temple sculptures. 
  • The Philippine folk dance medley contains the well-known tinikling dance, which can be Googled. Other information on Filipino folk dances can be found by Googling “Bituing Silangan Folkdance Company of Maui.”
 

# Minutes

Procedure

Create

Perform

Respond

10

Today we will compare dances from two different cultures.  First, let’s watch this hula kahiko.  (Teacher note: Show the performance by Halau o Kekuhi toward the beginning of the DVD Kumu Hula, Keepers of a Culture.  Their first hula is about 3 minutes.)

 

 

 

Describe the movements you saw.

    check mark

I am going to freeze the DVD right here.  Can you make your body look just like this dancer’s body?  How does that feel?

What do you think this dance is about?

Why do you think the Hawaiians of olden days created this dance?

  check mark  

10

Now let’s watch this dance from Cambodia, “Aspara Dance.”  (4 minutes)

 

 

 

Describe the movements you saw.     check mark

I am going to freeze the video right here.  Can you make your body look just like this dancer’s body?  How does that feel?

What do you think this dance is about?

Why do you think the Cambodians created this dance?

  check mark  

5

Describe the similarities and differences between “Aspara Dance” and the hula kahiko in terms of body, energy, space, time, and mood

Let’s make a chart listing these similarities and differences.  What about differences in what the dancers are wearing, the setting, the music and the instruments used?

(Teacher note: The Filipino folk dance medley – 4 minutes – can be shown because it contrasts sharply with both the hula and the Cambodian dances.)

check mark

 

check mark

10

Closing Reflection with students:

What does the “Aspara Dance” tell you about Cambodian culture and beliefs?

What does the hula kahiko tell you about Hawaiian culture and beliefs?

What was the most interesting thing to you about any of the dances?

What are the reasons other people should or shouldn’t see these dances?

   

 

 

check mark


Responding (Questions to ask students before, during, or after an activity in the lesson to elicit their thinking about their own work or about work they are studying):

Step 1: Describe

Step 2: Interpret

Step 3: Evaluate

Describe the similarities and differences between the hula and the Cambodian (and/or Philippine) dance in terms of body, energy, space, time and mood.  Also in terms of what the dancers are wearing, the setting, the music, instruments used.

What do you think this dance is about?

Why do you think the Hawaiians of old (and the Cambodians and/or Filipinos) created this dance?

What does the Cambodian (and/or Filipino) dance tell you about that culture?

What does the hula tell you about Hawaiian culture?

What was the most interesting part(s) of the dance(s)?

What are the reasons other people should or should not see these dances?


Task Specific Rubric:

Advanced

Proficient

Partially Proficient

Novice

Suggest many obvious and subtle similarities and differences between the two dances, using dance vocabulary.

Suggest similarities and differences between the two dances, mostly using dance vocabulary.

Talk about similarities and difference between the two dances without using dance vocabulary.

Suggest the obvious similarities and differences between the two dances and do not use dance vocabulary.

Have plausible ideas about how the dances reflect their respective cultures.

May have ideas about how the dances reflect the cultures.

Have implausible ideas about how the dances reflect the cultures.

Do not have ideas about how the dances reflect the cultures.

 

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